Syou is composed of one 'Kashira' (head) and seventeen
bamboo pipes. Kashira is made of wood, and a disk ('Kyo')
made of bull horn is set on the top of it. It has seventeen
holes for each of the bamboo pipes.
Hichiriki is composed of a bamboo pipe
approximately 18 centimeters long (the diameter of the top
is about 1.5 centimeters and the bottom about 1 centimeter).
It has seven holes on the front and two holes on the back.
The pipe is rolled up by birch bark except holes. Ashizetu
(mouthpiece) is inserted into the pipe for playing.
Ryuteki is composed of a bamboo
pipe which is about 40 centimeters long. The pipe is wrapped
in birch bark. And it has one hole for the mouth and seven
holes for fingers on the front.
Kagurabue(Kagura) is also known
as "Wabue" and "Hutobue." Kagurabue was born in Japan
compared with other "Yokobue" e.g Ryuteki was born in China
Koto has a very long
history. It was invented two thousand years ago during the
Sin dynasty in China. Koto with twelve strings and with
thirteen strings were born during the Zui dynasty and the
Tou dynasty. Koto with thirteen strings was introduced into
Japan and developed. There are three kinds of Koto in Japan.
They are named "Gakusou," "Chikusou," and "Zokusou." In
Konkokyo-Tengaku, Zokusou is used.
Wagon was born in
Japan. The length is about 1.93 centimeters and the width at
the top is about 15 centimeters and at the bottom is about
24 centimeters and the thickness is about 4.5 centimeters.
It used to be made of the Japanese cypress but now is made
'Taiko' is composed
of the bass drum hung in the middle of a frame. The drum is
about 60 centimeters in diameter. Only the front side is hit
by the drum stick. The top of the drum stick is round and
the body is made from wood and wrapped in skin.
'Kakko' has a body
made of wood. The shape is fat at the middle, and surface of
the skin at both ends are tightened by black strings
("Ohsirabe" made from horse hide).
"Shouko" has a
bronze plate to hit unlike Taiko and Kakko. The plate is
hung by a hook at the top. It is played by striking the
plate with drum sticks. It is played mainly at the orchestra
of Chuseigaku. Like Kakko, it plays the role of adding
accents to the monotonous rhythm and controlling beating
"Syakubyosi" is made
of a piece of wood which is cut in two pieces at the center
of. They are played by hitting each other.